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[Vol.14 (2010)] The Discourse of Modernity and the Conceptualization of Asia by Chinese Intellectuals
Author : Cho, Keong Ran
Date : 20.01.30
Page : 197-224
Keyword : WangHui, Moderniity, Theory of Civil Society, Conceptualization of Asia, State, Markets
Abstract :

This paper is to show Chinese knowledge society’s’ concerns about Chinese
socialism being proceeded with in the stream of westernization and globalization since
Economic Reform and Open Door Policy, with specific reference to a Chinese critical
intellectual Wang Hu’s subjectivation of scholarship strategy in a critical approach.
Wang Hui, accepting the history of Chinese socialism to a degree, tries to reset the
status of China to cope with American supremacy in the international society,
particularly in the Asian region. At present Chinese knowledge society is dominated by
neo-liberalists supporting westernization and globalization, insisting on the weak state
and the strengthened market and civil society. On the contrary, Wang Hui is one of the
representative scholars in the “New Left” camp, optimizing the role of the state and
criticizing the problems of capitalist modernization from the egalitarian perspective. He
defines the experience of Mao’s Chinese socialism as “anti-modern modernity”
succeeded from the late Qing scholars. In other words, it’s the result from criticizing
Western supremacy and seeking for a different modernization from that in the West,
while approving of the good side of modernity which Western civilization has led and

Wang Hui also points that in modern China where the market and civil society have
developed under state planning, the neo-liberal argument in which weakening the state
and strengthening the market and civil society on the premise of state/market, state/civil
society dichotomies is unrealistic. And regarding how to create solidarity and
cooperation in the Asian region, he points to a need to positively reinterpret the
Tributary System around China in the center, the pre-nation state world order. This
paper, while highly acclaiming Wang Hui’s depth of multi-dimensional though and
relevance, criticizes his relative disinterest in political democracy, state centrism and
China centrism.

Attachments : vol.14-09(조경란).pdf

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