|[Vol.31 (2019)] Hou Ju ýÎý or Ben Ju ÜâÎý?: A Reinterpretation of Zhu Xi¡¯s Proposition ¡°Xin Ju Zhong Li¡± ãýÎýñë×â|
|Author : CHEN Shuangzhu|
|Date : 19.03.05|
|Page : 153-174|
|Keyword : Zhu Xi ñ¹ýø, xin ju zhong li ãýÎýñë×â, li ju ×âÎý, xin ju ãýÎý, ben ju ÜâÎý, hou ju ýÎý|
¡°Xin ju zhong li¡± ãýÎýñë×â is one of the important propositions of Zhu Xi ñ¹ýø to investigate the relations between mind (xin ãý) and principle (li ×â). Zhu Xi first proposed this term in the Sishu zhangju jizhu ÞÌßöíñÏ£ó¢ñ¼, and later further elaborated it in the Wenji Ùþó¢ and the Yulei åÞ×¾, and even till the later years before his death. As it has had much attention from the academia, because of scholars¡¯different understandings and focuses on studying Zhu Xi¡¯s thinking, the results of the final interpretations became divergent. There were Mou Zongsan¡¯s Ù¿ðóß² ¡°hou wai ju shuo¡± ýèâÎýàã which means principle is embraced by mind through practices, Tang Junyi¡¯s ÓÐÏÖëö ¡°neng ju nei shuo¡± ÒöÎýÒ®àã means the mind originally has the ability to embrace principle. Qian Mu¡¯s ï±ÙÏ ¡°hou ju shuo¡± ýÎýàã means principle embraced by mind as oneness through acquired practices. Chen Lai¡¯s òçÕÎ ¡°ben nei ju shuo¡± ÜâÒ®Îýàã means principle is innately and originally embraced by mind. Basically, Mou and Qian both suggest ¡°hou ju¡± while Tang and Chen took a stand on ¡°ben ju¡± ÜâÎý. Also, Mou¡¯s ¡°wai ju¡± èâÎý shows significant contrast against Tang¡¯s ¡°ju nei¡± ÎýÒ® and Chen¡¯s ¡°nei ju¡± Ò®Îý. It can be found that the meaning of ¡°xin ju zhong li¡± contains two dimensions by researching through a combination of Zhu Xi¡¯s related texts. First is called ¡°jie guo yi¡± Ì¿Ï°ëù meaning when mind is in the undisturbed status, principle is innate together with mind as one,. Second is called ¡°gong neng yi¡± ÍíÒöëù meaning when mind is the entity with complete consciousness, it has the ability to become dominant and embrace the principle into itself as one. In Zhu Xi¡¯s works, the ¡°jie gou yi¡± takes precedence over the ¡°gong neng yi.¡± However, no matter from which direction it is examined, Zhu Xi¡¯s proposition of ¡°xin ju zhong li¡± is confined to the ontological level rather than the practical level.
|Attachments : CHEN Shuangzhu(153-174).pdf|
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