|[Vol.31 (2019)] The Relationship between Conscience and Qi in Yangming¡¯s Philosophy|
|Author : LI Bin|
|Date : 19.03.05|
|Page : 175-191|
|Keyword : Yangming£¬conscience£¬qi£¬Noumenon (benti Üâô÷)£¬teachings of self-cultivation (gongfulun ÍïÜýÖå)£¬the unity of all things (wanwuyiti Ø¿Úªìéô÷)|
At present, the study of Yangming¡¯s philosophy is centered on conscience ÕÞò±. But ¡°conscience¡± in Yangming¡¯s philosophy is not a purely moral concept, but an ontological concept. In the Neo Confucianism of Song and Ming Dynasties, the opposition between qi 气 and li ×â or qi and ¡°human nature¡± (xing àõ) was converted to the relationship between ¡°conscience¡± and qi in Yangming¡¯s philosophy. The status of qi in Yangming philosophy has been greatly improved compared with the Song Dynasty. But for Yangming, ¡°extending the conscience¡± (zhiliangzhi öÈÕÞò±) is not committed to change qi in the human body, but to extend the conscience itself. The ontological foundation of ¡°all things share one body¡± can only be ¡°conscience¡± instead of qi. Therefore, conscience can not be separated from qi, but after all, conscience determines qi rather than qi determines conscience. Investigating the relationship between ¡°conscience¡± and qi is of great significance for us to further grasp Yangming¡¯s philosophy and its inheritance and development of Neo-Confucianism with in the Song Dynasty. Therefore, although Yang ming attaches great importance to qi, his attempt to absorb qi with his conscience actually dispels the objectivity of qi.
|Attachments : LI Bin(175-191).pdf|
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