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[Vol.29 (2018)] The Characteristics of the Earlier Philosophy of Han Won-jin: Major Issues in Yulgok byeoljip bucheo
Author : LEE Haeim
Date : 19.03.25
Page : 63-90
Keyword : the Great Ultimate, nature, material force, moral perception, sensory perception, subduing selfish desires and returning to propriety
Abstract :


The major issues in Yulgok byeoljip bucheom ܬ are as follows: firstly, the sameness of the Great Ultimate (taiji п) and human nature (xing ); secondly, the sameness of the material force of heaven and earth (tiandi zhi qi Ѩ) and the material force of father and mother (fumu zhi qi ݫٽѨ); thirdly, the pureness (chunshan ) of the mind; fourthly, the relation between moral perception (zhi ) and sensory perception (zhijue ) as essence (benti ) and its application (zuoyong ); and lastly, the sameness of subduing selfish desires (keji к) and returning to propriety (fuli ). These issues stem from the matter of how to interpret two propositions: human nature is the combination of the principle and material force (xing he liqi Ѩ) and the mind is material force (xin shi qi Ѩ). Han Won-jin regards the principle as the basis for moral standards and material force as value-neutral; the principle is the basis of good, and material force can appear as either good or evil in the perception process. In addition, ordinary people find it difficult to perceive properly. Thus, when the mind is trying to perceive morally, it has to rely on something. Han Won-jin tries to establish the basis of morality in the principle rather than in nature, since the effect of nature cannot be completely good. The principle as nature is not the source of moral feeling but the basis of norms. Thus, the perception of the mind cannot produce a moral response in itself, but turns into moral perception only when ones response is monitored and practiced based on certain norms.



Attachments : 4. LEE.pdf


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