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[Vol.28 (2017)] Wang Tingxiang’s Inheritance and Development of Zhang Zai’s “The Great Void Being the Same as Materi
Author : LIN Yen-Ting
Date : 19.03.25
Page : 147-163
Keyword : taixu 太虛 (great void), qi 氣 (material force), xing 性, shen 神
Abstract :


“The great void being the same as material force” is an important proposition in Zhang Zai’s ideological system. This proposition is not only associated with the cosmos theory of qi in the Han dynasty, but also influenced by the ontology of Buddhism. This proposition encouraged the development of Neo-Confucianism toward a metaphysical framework. As one of the key philosophers in the mid-Ming dynasty, Wang Tingxiang deemed highly of Zhang Zai’s contribution to the development of Neo-Confucianism; he claimed that Zhang Zai had a great contribution to later generations by revealing the secrets of nature and probing the mystery of life. Zhang Zai and Wang Tingxiang both agreed that qi or material force is the cause of the universe. For this reason, most scholars believe that Wang Tingxiang is a successor of Zhang Zai; however, beyond this superficial similarity, we need to carefully analyze their difference and resemblance. This paper aims to explore the thought of Zhang Zai and Wang Tingxiang, focusing on their interpretation of “the great void being the same as material force.”

 

Attachments : LIN Yen-Ting.pdf


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