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[Vol.26 (2016)] Philosophizing Jigi Ѩ of Donghak as an Experienced Ultimate Reality
Author : PARK Sojeong
Date : 19.03.27
Page : 81-100
Keyword : jigi Ѩ, ultimate reality, gi Ѩ, qi Ѩ, Donghak (Eastern Learning), Korean philosophy, Korean language
Abstract :

This paper explores ways of accommodating jigiѨ (lit. ultimate energy) within Korean philosophical discourse. I will argue that jigi was conceived on the basis of a Koreanized notion of giѨ, which has its origin in the Chinese term qiѨ but bears considerable difference from the Neo-Confucian framework of liqiѨ metaphysics. The following three points will be examined. First, as a new coinage referring to the ultimate reality of Donghak (lit. Eastern Learning), jigi straightforwardly represented an awareness of Donghak while other terms like sangje, cheonju, and hanallim were used as general nouns for ultimate reality, adopted in different situations according to broader contexts. Second, jigi was not worked out through the medium of a Neo-Confucian worldview: even though Donghak came into being in a Confucian state, Joseon Korea, Donghaks proposal of seeing gi as ultimate reality should not be reduced to a branch of liqi metaphysics but rather properly be appreciated as a new worldview. Finally, a comparison of gi and qi in contemporary usage in both the Korean and Chinese languages shows that the concept of jigi experienced as mutual resonance is deeply rooted in the Korean language.

Attachments : Philosophizing Jigi Ѩ of Donghak as an Experienced Ultimate Reality(PARK So Jeong) 81-100.pdf

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