The ¡°Xian wen¡± úÊÙý chapter in the Lunyu ÖååÞ contains Chen Men¡¯s ãçÚ¦ remark about Kongzi Íîí (551-479 BCE). Kongzi was well known for his travel to feudal states to preach his political ideals. Of this effort, Chen Men remarked that Kongi was ¡°doing things though he know they are unworkable¡± (zhi qi bu ke er wei zhi ò±ÐìÜôÊ¦ì»為ñý). Chen Men¡¯s remark has typically been understood as a ridicule of Kongzi. While there have been various debates on the nature of the Chen Men¡¯s criticism of Kongzi¡¯s behavior and diverse interpretations are possible it seems clear that Chen Men¡¯s ridicule of Kongzi attests to Kongzi¡¯s lofty moral integrity and idealistic devotion to improving human society. The effort and devotion exemplified by Kongzi are usually understood as the essence of Confucian morale and value.