|[Vol.9 (2008)] Korean Confucianism and Bibliographical Study of Chinese Classics|
|Author : Suh, Kyung Yo|
|Date : 19.08.30|
|Page : 95-106|
|Keyword : Bibliographical Study on Chinese Classics, Shili(实×â), Shixin(实ãý), Shishi(实ÞÀ), Shishi Qiushi(实ÞÀÏ´ãÀ)|
This paper studies the Confucianism exchange between Korea and China in the 18th
century was a history of Bibliographical Debates. Its foundation was the theory Shishi
Qiushi(实ÞÀÏ´ãÀ), an academic attitude to seek the truth based on the facts. From the
beginning of 18th century, Joseon scholarship became to the Qing scholarship.
Bukhakpa(ÝÁ学÷ï), a school to asserted to learn the North, the Qing dynasty, led socalled
academic openness. Bukhak scholars frequently accompanied with envoys to
Yanjing as a member of suite. Whilst the sojourns, they realized that civilization and
institutions of Qing Dynasty succeeded ancient Chinese civilization and people of Qing
were descendants of Hand-Tang Dynasties. Then they introduced the theory of Bukhak.
This kind of admiration for China developed into the Little-Sino-centricism and they
devoted themselves to develop so-called the heart of Joseon (Joseonsim, ðÈ鲜ãý). They
broke from the then orthodox Daoxue (Learning of the Way, Ô³学), introduced its true
character. Since then, Korean scholarship also characterized itself with Bibliographical
Study of Chinese Classics. In the development process of Korean Confucianism in 18th
century, the Bibliographical Study was related to Practical Learning(Sirhak, 实学). As
a research methodology, a historical research is to provide professionalism and
minuteness of exegetical studies to verify the truth.
Verification of the truth is to seek for the truth through the research methodology,
Shishi Qiushi. Practical Learning scholars took verification of the truth as a fundamental
attitude, which can be interpreted as positivism that pursues the ancient times. It was to
revive realism of pre-Qin Confucianism and to understand the truth that the sacred sage
taught by compromising professionalism of Han dynasty scholarship and the spirit of
Song dynasty scholarship. This was the spirit of 'Bowen Yueli'(ÚÏÙþ约礼).
The essence of Bibliographical Study was to think scientifically that merges
subjectivity and objectivity. Therefore it was to compound Han and Tang dynasties.
Despite of the other aspects of Practical Learning, it can still be said that Shishi Qiushi
was most closely linked to Bibliographical Study of Chinese Classic in consideration of
Confucian element. The aim of Practical Learning scholars was to develop into the true
Confucianism where Shili(实×â), Shishi(实ÞÀ) form a trinity within Shixin(实ãý).
Daoxue values Shili highly and Practical Learning lays an importance on Shishi.
However, Learning of the Sacred Sage merges subjectivity and objectivity.
Synthetic understanding of sincerity, which controls one's heart subjectively, and
realism, which seeks for the logical truth, was the essence of Bibliographical Study.
|Attachments : Vol.09(Ar.5).pdf|
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