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[Vol.9 (2008)] Korean Confucianism and Bibliographical Study of Chinese Classics
Author : Suh, Kyung Yo
Date : 19.08.30
Page : 95-106
Keyword : Bibliographical Study on Chinese Classics, Shili(实), Shixin(实), Shishi(实), Shishi Qiushi(实ϴ)
Abstract :

This paper studies the Confucianism exchange between Korea and China in the 18th

century was a history of Bibliographical Debates. Its foundation was the theory Shishi

Qiushi(实ϴ), an academic attitude to seek the truth based on the facts. From the

beginning of 18th century, Joseon scholarship became to the Qing scholarship.

Bukhakpa(学), a school to asserted to learn the North, the Qing dynasty, led socalled

academic openness. Bukhak scholars frequently accompanied with envoys to

Yanjing as a member of suite. Whilst the sojourns, they realized that civilization and

institutions of Qing Dynasty succeeded ancient Chinese civilization and people of Qing

were descendants of Hand-Tang Dynasties. Then they introduced the theory of Bukhak.

This kind of admiration for China developed into the Little-Sino-centricism and they

devoted themselves to develop so-called the heart of Joseon (Joseonsim, 鲜). They

broke from the then orthodox Daoxue (Learning of the Way, Գ学), introduced its true

character. Since then, Korean scholarship also characterized itself with Bibliographical

Study of Chinese Classics. In the development process of Korean Confucianism in 18th

century, the Bibliographical Study was related to Practical Learning(Sirhak, 实学). As

a research methodology, a historical research is to provide professionalism and

minuteness of exegetical studies to verify the truth.

Verification of the truth is to seek for the truth through the research methodology,

Shishi Qiushi. Practical Learning scholars took verification of the truth as a fundamental

attitude, which can be interpreted as positivism that pursues the ancient times. It was to

revive realism of pre-Qin Confucianism and to understand the truth that the sacred sage

taught by compromising professionalism of Han dynasty scholarship and the spirit of

Song dynasty scholarship. This was the spirit of 'Bowen Yueli'(约礼).

The essence of Bibliographical Study was to think scientifically that merges

subjectivity and objectivity. Therefore it was to compound Han and Tang dynasties.

Despite of the other aspects of Practical Learning, it can still be said that Shishi Qiushi

was most closely linked to Bibliographical Study of Chinese Classic in consideration of

Confucian element. The aim of Practical Learning scholars was to develop into the true

Confucianism where Shili(实), Shishi(实) form a trinity within Shixin(实).

Daoxue values Shili highly and Practical Learning lays an importance on Shishi.

However, Learning of the Sacred Sage merges subjectivity and objectivity.

Synthetic understanding of sincerity, which controls one's heart subjectively, and

realism, which seeks for the logical truth, was the essence of Bibliographical Study.

Attachments : Vol.09(Ar.5).pdf

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