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[Vol.33 (2020)] Shared Ends: Kant and Dai Zhen on the Ethical Value of Mutually Fulfilling Relationships
Author : Justin Tiwald
Date : 20.02.28
Page : 105-137
Keyword : Dai Zhen, Kant, relationships, ethics, motives
Abstract :


This paper offers an account of an important type of human relationship:
relationships based on shared ends. These are an indispensable part of
most ethically worthy or valuable lives, and our successes or failures at
participating in these relationships constitute a great number of our moral
successes or failures overall. While many philosophers agree about their
importance, few provide us with well-developed accounts of the nature
and value of good shared-end relationships. This paper begins to develop
a positive account of such relationships. In the interest of highlighting
some strengths and weaknesses of competing approaches, it contrasts
the theories that are proposed by the Confucian philosopher Dai Zhen
(1724–1777) and the influential moral philosopher Immanuel Kant
(1724–1804). Both philosophers share many of the same core ethical
commitments, but as the author shows, Dai Zhen’s approach to thinking
about the nature and value of good shared-end relationships is superior
to Kant’s because it highlights the fact that such relationships must be
motivated by ethically-shaped forms of other-concern and self-interest,
whereas Kant does not picture self-interest as an important source
of morality or ethically valuable relationships. The author considers
clarifications and revisions to Kant’s theory that seem to make more room
for the mixture of motives required for good shared-end relationships,
but concludes that these ad hoc modifications do not succeed at providing
a recognizably Kantian theory that can account for them as well as
Dai Zhen’s.


Attachments : 4(Justin Tiwald)0228.pdf


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